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Welcome to OSU Extra, the Extension, Research, and Teaching Archive of Oklahoma State University's Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. Our publications are available for online viewing as Adobe Acrobat PDF files. Click here to download Adobe Acrobat Reader or click on the Adobe Acrobat box below..

OSU Extension Facts provide research-based information on a wide variety of subjects in regard to agriculture, economic development, family and consumer sciences, and youth development. You can navigate this site to the desired publication by one of two methods:

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Latest News

New machine helps farmers in conilon coffee harvest in ES

The Holy Spirit is harvesting the conilon coffee crop, which this year should be lower because of the drought, about 68% of production. There are 40,000 properties, mostly small coffee growers.

Frederico Schramm, known as Seo Fritz, has seven acres of planted area in Governador Lindenberg, in the northwest of the state. Every year it renews the coffee machine rentals singapore, coffee plantation, investing in fertilization, new varieties and drip irrigation. These measures helped not to suffer the consequences of the drought that hit the region.

He is optimistic about this harvest and expects to harvest 120 sacks per hectare. This is above the average of Espírito Santo, 35 bags per hectare. According to the farmer, half the cost of production is with labor. This year he hired 18 lanyards at the beginning of the harvest. “Last year was hard work. This year is being easier because production in the region has dropped a lot. So there’s more labor left, “he explains.

The lanyard has to pull the grains of the foot, which fall into the sieve, or a canvas stretched out on the ground. Still separates the twigs and leaves that come together. They earn by production. The more you fill the drawer, the better. So they leave to prune the branches a month later.

This technique is fundamental to guarantee a good flowering in the next harvest, as agronomist José Lani explains. “First because you eliminate the part of rust, which is source of knot. And another because, if I take only the grain and not take the branch, the plant will continue to spend nutrients to maintain this branch. If I shoot, the plant will make new releases and I will have greater productivity next year. ”

But a technological novelty arose to modify this management. In this harvest, some producers of conilon coffee from Espírito Santo are testing the use of a machine that enters the coffee plantation at the time of harvest. It is not that the machine harvests the coffee. What it enables, is the joining of two steps of this process at once.

With the machine, pruning is done at the same time. Lanyards cut the whole branches with the machete. Everything falls flat on the canvas and the machine does the pick-up service. The coffee bar is also made inside the machine. Leaves and branches go to one side, where they are crushed, and the grains come out clean from the other.

Rural workers approved the machine. “I’m finding it good because you can harvest more quickly, and we earn, besides the salary, more commission per foot of coffee,” says Antonio Soares. They are not afraid to lose the place to the machine. “After the harvest the work continues in the field. The cafe serves us all year round. ”

The technology was developed by Incaper, the Capixaba Institute of Research, Technical Assistance and Rural Extension. But the man who manufactures the machine is an agricultural implement company, who adapted the equipment of the bean harvest.

Bento Venturini was one of the first buyers. He paid $ 160,000 to use on at least 40% of the 120 hectares. Now he is renovating the coffee plantation, with a new variety, which produces the same amount of grains, with fewer stems, as the coordinator of Incaper Romário Ferrão’s coffee-growing program explains: “instead of leaving four stems per plant, he left Two stems. Fewer stems for the plant to become more erect. This new management is to really create a more favorable condition for your harvest. “

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